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Mello-Roos

In purchasing your new home, your future monthly payments will be made up of principal, interest, real property taxes, and insurance. But what is the tax for the Community Facilities District, otherwise known as a Mello-Roos District? The Land Title Association (LTA) has answered some of the most commonly asked questions about the Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act.

What is a Mello-Roos District?

A Mello-Roos District is an area where a special tax is imposed on those real property owners within a Community Facilities District. This district has chosen to seek public financing through the sale of bonds for the purpose of financing certain public improvements and services. These services may include streets, water, sewage and drainage, electricity, infrastructure, schools, parks and police protection to newly developing areas. The tax you pay is used to make the payments of principal and interest on the bonds.

Are the assessments included within the Proposition 13 tax limits?

No. The passage of Proposition 13 in 1978 severely restricted local government in its ability to finance public capital facilities and services by increasing real property taxes. The “Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act of 1982” provided local government with an additional financing tool. The Proposition 13 tax limits are on the value of the real property, while Mello-Roos taxes are equally and uniformly applied to all properties.

What are my Mello-Roos taxes paying for?

Your taxes may be paying for both services and facilities. The services may be financed only to the extent of new growth, and services include: Police protection, fire protection, ambulance and paramedic services, recreation program services, library services, the operation and maintenance of parks, parkways and open space, museums, cultural facilities, flood and storm protection, and services for the removal of any threatening hazardous substance. Facilities which may be financed under the Act include: Property with an estimated useful life of five years or longer, parks, recreation facilities, parkway facilities, open-space facilities, elementary and secondary school sites and structures, libraries, child care facilities, natural gas pipeline facilities, telephone lines, facilities to transmit and distribute electrical energy, cable television lines, and others.

When do I pay these taxes?

By purchasing an interest in a subdivision within a Community Facilities District you can expect to be assessed for a Mello-Roos tax which will typically be collected with your general property tax bill. These special tax payments are subject to the same penalties that apply to regular property taxes.

How long does the tax stay in effect?

The tax will stay in effect until the principal and interest on the bonds are paid off along with any reasonable administrative costs incurred in collecting the special tax or so long as it is needed to pay the expenses of services, but in no case shall exceed 40 years.

What happens if a general tax payment is not made on time?

Because the Mello-Roos tax is typically collected with your general property tax bill, the Facilities District that obtained the lien may withdraw the assessment from the tax roll and commence judicial foreclosure.

What is the basis for the tax?

Most special taxes levied on properties within these districts have been structured on the basis of density of development, square footage of construction, or flat acreage charges. The act, however, allows for considerable flexibility in the method of apportionment of taxes, and the local agencies may have established an entirely different method of levying the special tax against property in the district in question.

How much will the Mello-Roos payment be?

The amount of tax may vary from year-to-year, but may not exceed the maximum amount specified when the district was created. In the case of the purchase of a new house within a subdivision, the maximum amount of the tax will be specified in the public report. The Resolution of Formation must specify the rate, method of apportionment, and manner of collection of the special tax in sufficient detail to allow each landowner or resident within the proposed district to estimate the maximum amount that he or she will have to pay.

How is the special tax reflected on the real property records?

The special tax is a lien on your property, essentially like a regular tax lien. The lien is recorded as a “Notice of Special Tax Lien” which is a continuing lien to secure each levy of the special tax.

How are Mello-Roos taxes affected when the property is sold?

The Mello-Roos tax is assessed against the land, but is not based upon the value of the property, therefore, the possible increased value of the property does not affect the amount of the tax when property is sold. The amount of the tax may not exceed the original maximum amount stated in the Resolution of Formation. Any delinquent payments must be satisfied before the sale of the real property since the unpaid amounts are a lien against the property.

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Assist2Sell
Piele Realty LLC

Chris Piele | 720.628.2625
CPiele@WeBuySellColorado.com
2851 S. Parker Rd. Ste PH20
Aurora, CO 80014

Testimonials

We tried to sell our home in Aurora by ourselves to avoid the high commissions that all the realtors were asking for. Frankly the process was very draining on us, trying to do our own marketing, open houses and all the stuff that comes with selling a home. I received a letter from Chris Piele at Assist2Sell and after sitting down with him, we decided to hand the task of selling our home over to him. We chose Chris because of his knowledge of “old school” and current methods of selling homes. And we felt he had the negotiation skills necessary to assure we would get the most money possible out of our home. Chris and his team quickly took care of everything needed to get the home listed and marketed, then within a just couple of days the showings to prospective buyers came in very consistently. He managed to sell our home in just one week and for the price we wanted. And did all that for a flat fee versus the high commissions all the other agents wanted to list our home. Better yet, he found us a buyer who did not have an agent so we did not have to pay a buyer’s agent commission. Frankly, we were THRILLED. If you want to save a ton of money in selling your home, and you want to sell it without a lot of brain damage, then we strongly recommend Chris Piele and his team. David and Marie Galegor
Chris Piele and his Real Estate Team were great to work with.  He helped us purchase a home in Aurora, Colorado.  He and his staff were always professional and very helpful.  I would recommend him when you buy or sell your next home.  It was a very positive experience. I would use Chris Piele for my next real estate transaction. Ronnie and Drake Davis
It was a pleasure to work with Chris in the sale of my mother’s home. He took great care of us. Our situation was unique in that my mother doesn’t own a computer…she doesn’t even have an email address. We received a generous, above asking price offer. Chris literally drove across town to her house to hand deliver the offer, explain everything, and get a signature before the deadline. He saved us thousands of dollars in commissions and provided excellent service. Chris and his staff were prompt, pro-active, professional, and in constant communication with us through the entire process. Renae Powell
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